This year will be the last Great Prayer Day bank holiday
It is the first of a range of long weekends after Easter much loved by the Danes, the Store Bededag. Unique to Denmark and popular for short trips to neighbouring countries but 2023 will be the last chance to do so.
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By Bente D. Knudsen
The new Danish Government had announced as part of the program for the new government that it would abolish a bank holiday in order to generate the necessay means for increased defence spending.
A spending which would to get Denmark up to the 2 percent of GDP obligation as demanded by NATO. The past months it has been widely contested by the Danish church, the opposition parties as well as trade unions and Danes in general.
All to no avail as the Danish Government is a majority government it was able to vote through the legislation needed to do so.
Today the votes were cast in the Danish Parliament and thus as of 2024, a more than 300 year old bank holiday will be no more.
What is the Great Prayer day?
Its date varies each year as a royal decree back in 1686 set it to always be on the fourth Friday after Easter Sunday. In 2023, it will be on the 5th May.
Even if you have only been living in Denmark for a short time, you will have noticed that Danes are not widely religious, even if almost 76 percent are still member of the Danish protestant church, the Folkekirke.
However, back in the 17th century, Store Bededag was a day for praying and fasting, and certainly not for working.
It is not linked to any Christian holiday, such as is for instance Easter or Pentecost (Whit Sunday in the UK), but was established by Hans Bagger, who as bishop of Zealand called the day for the “Extraordinary Normal Praying Day”.
On this day, even bakers were not allowed to work, which is why they baked large wheat buns the day before so Danes would have bread to heat and eat on the day itself.
Contrary to the 17th century Danes, these days, Danes do not do much praying or fasting on this day.
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The tradition for eating the wheat buns, also called Hveder or Hvedeknopper has remained – even if the established practice (and no one seems to know why) is to eat them in the evening the day before.
A bank holiday gladly used for a long weekend to nearby Germany or Sweden, who do not have this tradition and where all shops remain open, it has also become one of the most popular dates for the church confirmation.
The confirmation is a special church service in which a person confirms the promises that were made when they were baptised.
If you were baptised at a christening when you were a child, your parents and godparents made these promises on your behalf.
As a young adult it is traditional to affirm these promises at a confirmation service. In Denmark, this usually takes place during the 7th or 8th grade at the age of 14/15.
It has become an important festive celebration of the passing from child to young adult and more a family tradition, than an important religious ceremony for those participating.
For this reason Danish youngsters are always confirmed at a special church service, which very often takes place on a bank holiday such as Store Bededag, allowing for some heavy celebrations afterwards either for lunch or for dinner.
If you pass a church on this day, you may catch a glimpse of unusually well-dressed Danish youngsters and their families.
In some families the size of the parties and the gifts given are quite awesome.
The already planned confirmations in 2023 was the main reason put forward by the government to wait a year before enforcing the new legislation abolishing the bank holiday.
What exactly will become of Store Bededag in the church service has yet to be worked out by the Danish Church. It could be maintained in some form – just not as an official public bank holiday. Schools have already said that they will not prolong the school year by one more day, so schools will opt for another solution to give their pupils a day off, maybe with a longer summer or Christmas holiday.
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